China Good quality Waterproof Electric Toothbrush Vibration Small DC Brushed Coreless Silent Motor vacuum pump

Product Description


8F Series  φ8.5mm x L23   Precious Metal Brushes  

Motor Paramter Motor Model
Values at nominal voltage 8F1NA-
  1 Rated voltage V 3.0 3.4      
Free Load 2 No load speed rpm 33155 48644      
3 No load current mA 112 263      
At Max. Efficiency 4 Max. efficiency % 75.20% 69.05%      
5 Speed rpm 29263 41589      
6 Current mA 839 1552      
7 Torque 6.3 8.54      
At Max. Output 8 Max. output W 4.57 7.35      
9 Speed rpm 16578 24322      
10 Current mA 3210 4706      
11 Torque 26.85 29.43      
At Stall 12 Stall current A 6.3 9.15      
13 Stall torque 53.69 58.36      
Motor Constants
  14 Teminal resistance Ω 0.26 0.19      
  15 Torque constant 8.664 6.624      
  16 Speed  constant rpm/V 11252 14733      
  17 Speed/Torque constant rpm/ 617.5 826.5      

Motor Characteristic Typical Performance
Thermal parameters  

18 Ambient temperature -20~+65 ºC
19 Max. permissible winding temperature                                 85 ºC
Mechanical parameters
20 Max. penmissible No-load speed 46000 rpm
21 Max. axial load(dynamic) 0.15 N
Other parameters
22 Number of pole pairs 1  
23 Number of commutator segments 3~5  
24 Weight 7.4  
1 Rotation direction, wire specification and performance parameters can be
made according to customer’s requirement.
2 Motor can be mounted with various shapes and sizes of eccentric weight which
is made of iron, brass or ferro-alloy to become vibration motor.
3 Dimension with “*” in the drawing can be adjusted according to customer’s requirement.
       1g=0.035oz    1inch=25.4mm     1oz=28.35g     1mm=0. 0571 inch

Company & Factory




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Application: Automation Equipment, Moving Machinery
Operating Speed: High Speed
Power Source: DC Motor
US$ 0/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)


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dc motor

What are the key differences between brushed and brushless DC motors?

Brushed and brushless DC motors are two distinct types of motors that differ in their construction, operation, and performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation of the key differences between brushed and brushless DC motors:

1. Construction:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors have a relatively simple construction. They consist of a rotor with armature windings and a commutator, and a stator with permanent magnets or electromagnets. The commutator and brushes make physical contact to provide electrical connections to the armature windings.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors have a more complex construction. They typically consist of a stationary stator with permanent magnets or electromagnets and a rotor with multiple coils or windings. The rotor does not have a commutator or brushes.

2. Commutation:

Brushed DC Motors: In brushed DC motors, the commutator and brushes are responsible for the commutation process. The brushes make contact with different segments of the commutator, reversing the direction of the current through the armature windings as the rotor rotates. This switching of the current direction generates the necessary torque for motor rotation.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors use electronic commutation instead of mechanical commutation. The commutation process is managed by an external electronic controller or driver. The controller determines the timing and sequence of energizing the stator windings based on the rotor position, allowing for precise control of motor operation.

3. Efficiency:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors tend to have lower efficiency compared to brushless DC motors. This is primarily due to the energy losses associated with the brushes and commutation process. The friction and wear between the brushes and commutator result in additional power dissipation and reduce overall motor efficiency.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors are known for their higher efficiency. Since they eliminate the use of brushes and commutators, there are fewer energy losses and lower frictional losses. The electronic commutation system allows for precise control of the motor’s operation, maximizing efficiency and reducing power consumption.

4. Maintenance:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors require regular maintenance due to the wear and tear of the brushes and commutator. The brushes need periodic replacement, and the commutator requires cleaning to maintain proper electrical contact. The maintenance requirements contribute to additional costs and downtime for brushed DC motors.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors have a relatively maintenance-free operation. As they do not have brushes or commutators, there is no need for brush replacement or commutator cleaning. This results in reduced maintenance costs and increased reliability of brushless DC motors.

5. Speed Control:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors offer simpler speed control options. The speed can be controlled by adjusting the applied voltage or by varying the resistance in the armature circuit. This allows for relatively straightforward speed regulation.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors provide more advanced and precise speed control capabilities. The speed can be controlled through the electronic commutation system by adjusting the timing and sequence of the stator windings’ energization. This allows for precise control of the motor’s speed and acceleration.

These key differences between brushed and brushless DC motors make each type suitable for different applications depending on factors such as efficiency requirements, maintenance considerations, and control complexity.

dc motor

How is the efficiency of a DC motor determined, and what factors can affect it?

In a DC (Direct Current) motor, efficiency refers to the ratio of the motor’s output power (mechanical power) to its input power (electrical power). It is a measure of how effectively the motor converts electrical energy into mechanical work. The efficiency of a DC motor can be determined by considering several factors that affect its performance. Here’s a detailed explanation of how the efficiency of a DC motor is determined and the factors that can influence it:

The efficiency of a DC motor is calculated using the following formula:

Efficiency = (Output Power / Input Power) × 100%

1. Output Power: The output power of a DC motor is the mechanical power produced at the motor’s shaft. It can be calculated using the formula:

Output Power = Torque × Angular Speed

The torque is the rotational force exerted by the motor, and the angular speed is the rate at which the motor rotates. The output power represents the useful work or mechanical energy delivered by the motor.

2. Input Power: The input power of a DC motor is the electrical power supplied to the motor. It can be calculated using the formula:

Input Power = Voltage × Current

The voltage is the electrical potential difference applied to the motor, and the current is the amount of electrical current flowing through the motor. The input power represents the electrical energy consumed by the motor.

Once the output power and input power are determined, the efficiency can be calculated using the formula mentioned earlier.

Several factors can influence the efficiency of a DC motor:

1. Copper Losses:

Copper losses occur due to the resistance of the copper windings in the motor. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Higher resistance or increased current flow leads to greater copper losses and reduces the efficiency of the motor. Using thicker wire for the windings and minimizing resistance can help reduce copper losses.

2. Iron Losses:

Iron losses occur due to magnetic hysteresis and eddy currents in the motor’s iron core. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality laminated iron cores and minimizing magnetic flux variations can help reduce iron losses and improve efficiency.

3. Friction and Windage Losses:

Friction and windage losses occur due to mechanical friction between moving parts and air resistance. These losses result in the conversion of mechanical energy into heat. Proper lubrication, efficient bearing systems, and aerodynamically optimized designs can help minimize friction and windage losses.

4. Brush and Commutator Losses:

In brushed DC motors, brush and commutator losses occur due to the friction and electrical resistance at the brush-commutator interface. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality brushes and commutators, reducing brush voltage drop, and minimizing the number of commutator segments can help reduce these losses.

5. Magnetic Field Design:

The design of the magnetic field in the motor significantly affects its efficiency. Optimizing the magnetic field for the specific application, such as selecting appropriate magnet materials or designing efficient electromagnets, can improve the motor’s efficiency.

6. Motor Load:

The load on the motor, including the torque and speed requirements, can impact its efficiency. Operating the motor close to its optimal load conditions or utilizing speed control techniques, such as pulse width modulation (PWM), can help improve efficiency by reducing unnecessary power consumption.

7. Motor Size and Construction:

The size and construction of the motor can influence its efficiency. Properly sizing the motor for the intended application and optimizing the design for reduced losses, improved cooling, and efficient heat dissipation can enhance overall efficiency.

It’s important to note that the efficiency of a DC motor is typically highest at or near its rated load conditions. Deviating significantly from the rated load can result in reduced efficiency.

In summary, the efficiency of a DC motor is determined by comparing the output power to the input power. Factors such as copper losses, iron losses, friction and windage losses, brush and commutator losses, magnetic field design, motor load, and motor size and construction can all influence the efficiency of a DC motor. By considering and optimizing these factors, the overall efficiency of the motor can be improved.

dc motor

Are there innovations or emerging technologies in the field of DC motor design?

Yes, there have been several innovations and emerging technologies in the field of DC (Direct Current) motor design. These advancements aim to improve the performance, efficiency, reliability, and overall capabilities of DC motors. Here’s a detailed explanation of some notable innovations and emerging technologies in DC motor design:

1. Brushless DC Motors:

One significant advancement in DC motor design is the development and widespread adoption of brushless DC motors (BLDC motors). Unlike traditional DC motors that use brushes for commutation, BLDC motors employ electronic commutation through the use of permanent magnets and motor controller circuits. This eliminates the need for brushes, reducing maintenance requirements and improving overall motor efficiency and lifespan. BLDC motors offer higher torque density, smoother operation, better speed control, and improved energy efficiency compared to conventional brushed DC motors.

2. High-Efficiency Materials:

The use of high-efficiency materials in DC motor design has been an area of focus for improving motor performance. Advanced magnetic materials, such as neodymium magnets, have allowed for stronger and more compact motor designs. These materials increase the motor’s power density, enabling higher torque output and improved efficiency. Additionally, advancements in materials used for motor windings and core laminations have reduced electrical losses and improved overall motor efficiency.

3. Power Electronics and Motor Controllers:

Advancements in power electronics and motor control technologies have greatly influenced DC motor design. The development of sophisticated motor controllers and efficient power electronic devices enables precise control of motor speed, torque, and direction. These technologies have resulted in more efficient and reliable motor operation, reduced energy consumption, and enhanced motor performance in various applications.

4. Integrated Motor Systems:

Integrated motor systems combine the motor, motor controller, and associated electronics into a single unit. These integrated systems offer compact designs, simplified installation, and improved overall performance. By integrating the motor and controller, issues related to compatibility and communication between separate components are minimized. Integrated motor systems are commonly used in applications such as robotics, electric vehicles, and industrial automation.

5. IoT and Connectivity:

The integration of DC motors with Internet of Things (IoT) technologies and connectivity has opened up new possibilities for monitoring, control, and optimization of motor performance. By incorporating sensors, actuators, and connectivity features, DC motors can be remotely monitored, diagnosed, and controlled. This enables predictive maintenance, energy optimization, and real-time performance adjustments, leading to improved efficiency and reliability in various applications.

6. Advanced Motor Control Algorithms:

Advanced motor control algorithms, such as sensorless control and field-oriented control (FOC), have contributed to improved performance and efficiency of DC motors. Sensorless control techniques eliminate the need for additional sensors by leveraging motor current and voltage measurements to estimate rotor position. FOC algorithms optimize motor control by aligning the magnetic field with the rotor position, resulting in improved torque and efficiency, especially at low speeds.

These innovations and emerging technologies in DC motor design have revolutionized the capabilities and performance of DC motors. Brushless DC motors, high-efficiency materials, advanced motor control techniques, integrated motor systems, IoT connectivity, and advanced control algorithms have collectively contributed to more efficient, reliable, and versatile DC motor solutions across various industries and applications.

China Good quality Waterproof Electric Toothbrush Vibration Small DC Brushed Coreless Silent Motor   vacuum pump	China Good quality Waterproof Electric Toothbrush Vibration Small DC Brushed Coreless Silent Motor   vacuum pump
editor by CX 2024-05-03