China Standard CHINAMFG Motor 3V 6V 12mm DC Micro Motor for Note Book PC Electric DC Motor vacuum pump engine

Product Description

product-group/sbHGIrXdZzhx/DC-Motor-catalog-1.html

Product Parameters

Model No.: FF-K10VA-57115 

Size details:
Motor Diameter: φ8.0mm
Motor housing length: 10mm
Shaft length: customization

Specifications:
Rated voltage:  DC 3V
Direction of rotation: CW/CCW 
No load speed: 23000rpm
Rated torque: 1.0g.cm 
Rated speed: 10400rpm
Rated current: 0.1A 
Stall toque: 1.4g.cm
Stall current: 0.35A
All technical data can custom made for different application.

Customized items:
DC motor, gearbox motor, vibration motor, automotive motor.
Accessories offered like encoder, gear,worm, wire, connector.
Ball bearing or Oil-impregnated bearing.
Shaft configuration(multi-knurls,D-cut shape, four-knurls etc).
Metal end cap or plastic end cap.
 Precious metal brush/ carbon brush.
Technical data.

Detailed Photos

Application

 

Certifications

Packaging & Shipping

Company Profile

Our Advantages

FAQ

1.What kind of motor do you supply?

Kinmore specializes in making DC motors & gear motors with the diameter ranging from 6mm-80mm; automotive motors and vibration motors are our strength area, too; we also provide brushless motors.
 

2.What’s the lead time for samples or mass production?

Normally, it takes 15-25 days to produce samples; about mass production, it will take 35-40 days for DC motor production and 45-60 days for gear motor production.
 

3.Could you mind sending the quotation for this motor?

For all of our motors, they are customized based on different requirements. We will offer the quotation soon after you send your specific requests and annual quantity.
 

4.Do you offer some kinds of accessories like encoder, PCB, connector, soldering wired for the motor?

We specialize in motors, instead of accessories. But if your annual demand reaches a certain amount, we will apply to the engineer for offering the accessories.

5.Are your motors certificated with UL, CB Tüv, CE?

All of our motors are UL, CB Tüv, CE compliant, and all our items are making under REACH and ROHS. We could provide motor’s exploring drawing and BOM for your products UL certificated. We also could make motors built-in filters based on your EMC directive for your EMC passing.

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Operating Speed: Adjust Speed
Power Source: DC Motor
Function: Control, Driving
Customization:
Available

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Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

dc motor

How does the speed control of a DC motor work, and what methods are commonly employed?

The speed control of a DC (Direct Current) motor is essential for achieving precise control over its rotational speed. Various methods can be employed to regulate the speed of a DC motor, depending on the specific application requirements. Here’s a detailed explanation of how speed control of a DC motor works and the commonly employed methods:

1. Voltage Control:

One of the simplest methods to control the speed of a DC motor is by varying the applied voltage. By adjusting the voltage supplied to the motor, the electromotive force (EMF) induced in the armature windings can be controlled. According to the principle of electromagnetic induction, the speed of the motor is inversely proportional to the applied voltage. Therefore, reducing the voltage decreases the speed, while increasing the voltage increases the speed. This method is commonly used in applications where a simple and inexpensive speed control mechanism is required.

2. Armature Resistance Control:

Another method to control the speed of a DC motor is by varying the armature resistance. By inserting an external resistance in series with the armature windings, the total resistance in the circuit increases. This increase in resistance reduces the armature current, thereby reducing the motor’s speed. Conversely, reducing the resistance increases the armature current and the motor’s speed. However, this method results in significant power loss and reduced motor efficiency due to the dissipation of excess energy as heat in the external resistance.

3. Field Flux Control:

Speed control can also be achieved by controlling the magnetic field strength of the motor’s stator. By altering the field flux, the interaction between the armature current and the magnetic field changes, affecting the motor’s speed. This method can be accomplished by adjusting the field current through the field windings using a field rheostat or by employing a separate power supply for the field windings. By increasing or decreasing the field flux, the speed of the motor can be adjusted accordingly. This method offers good speed regulation and efficiency but requires additional control circuitry.

4. Pulse Width Modulation (PWM):

Pulse Width Modulation is a widely used technique for speed control in DC motors. It involves rapidly switching the applied voltage on and off at a high frequency. The duty cycle, which represents the percentage of time the voltage is on, is varied to control the effective voltage applied to the motor. By adjusting the duty cycle, the average voltage across the motor is modified, thereby controlling its speed. PWM provides precise speed control, high efficiency, and low power dissipation. It is commonly employed in applications such as robotics, industrial automation, and electric vehicles.

5. Closed-Loop Control:

In closed-loop control systems, feedback from the motor’s speed or other relevant parameters is used to regulate the speed. Sensors such as encoders or tachometers measure the motor’s actual speed, which is compared to the desired speed. The difference, known as the error signal, is fed into a control algorithm that adjusts the motor’s input voltage or other control parameters to minimize the error and maintain the desired speed. Closed-loop control provides excellent speed regulation and accuracy, making it suitable for applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics and CNC machines.

These methods of speed control provide flexibility and adaptability to various applications, allowing DC motors to be effectively utilized in a wide range of industries and systems.

dc motor

How is the efficiency of a DC motor determined, and what factors can affect it?

In a DC (Direct Current) motor, efficiency refers to the ratio of the motor’s output power (mechanical power) to its input power (electrical power). It is a measure of how effectively the motor converts electrical energy into mechanical work. The efficiency of a DC motor can be determined by considering several factors that affect its performance. Here’s a detailed explanation of how the efficiency of a DC motor is determined and the factors that can influence it:

The efficiency of a DC motor is calculated using the following formula:

Efficiency = (Output Power / Input Power) × 100%

1. Output Power: The output power of a DC motor is the mechanical power produced at the motor’s shaft. It can be calculated using the formula:

Output Power = Torque × Angular Speed

The torque is the rotational force exerted by the motor, and the angular speed is the rate at which the motor rotates. The output power represents the useful work or mechanical energy delivered by the motor.

2. Input Power: The input power of a DC motor is the electrical power supplied to the motor. It can be calculated using the formula:

Input Power = Voltage × Current

The voltage is the electrical potential difference applied to the motor, and the current is the amount of electrical current flowing through the motor. The input power represents the electrical energy consumed by the motor.

Once the output power and input power are determined, the efficiency can be calculated using the formula mentioned earlier.

Several factors can influence the efficiency of a DC motor:

1. Copper Losses:

Copper losses occur due to the resistance of the copper windings in the motor. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Higher resistance or increased current flow leads to greater copper losses and reduces the efficiency of the motor. Using thicker wire for the windings and minimizing resistance can help reduce copper losses.

2. Iron Losses:

Iron losses occur due to magnetic hysteresis and eddy currents in the motor’s iron core. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality laminated iron cores and minimizing magnetic flux variations can help reduce iron losses and improve efficiency.

3. Friction and Windage Losses:

Friction and windage losses occur due to mechanical friction between moving parts and air resistance. These losses result in the conversion of mechanical energy into heat. Proper lubrication, efficient bearing systems, and aerodynamically optimized designs can help minimize friction and windage losses.

4. Brush and Commutator Losses:

In brushed DC motors, brush and commutator losses occur due to the friction and electrical resistance at the brush-commutator interface. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality brushes and commutators, reducing brush voltage drop, and minimizing the number of commutator segments can help reduce these losses.

5. Magnetic Field Design:

The design of the magnetic field in the motor significantly affects its efficiency. Optimizing the magnetic field for the specific application, such as selecting appropriate magnet materials or designing efficient electromagnets, can improve the motor’s efficiency.

6. Motor Load:

The load on the motor, including the torque and speed requirements, can impact its efficiency. Operating the motor close to its optimal load conditions or utilizing speed control techniques, such as pulse width modulation (PWM), can help improve efficiency by reducing unnecessary power consumption.

7. Motor Size and Construction:

The size and construction of the motor can influence its efficiency. Properly sizing the motor for the intended application and optimizing the design for reduced losses, improved cooling, and efficient heat dissipation can enhance overall efficiency.

It’s important to note that the efficiency of a DC motor is typically highest at or near its rated load conditions. Deviating significantly from the rated load can result in reduced efficiency.

In summary, the efficiency of a DC motor is determined by comparing the output power to the input power. Factors such as copper losses, iron losses, friction and windage losses, brush and commutator losses, magnetic field design, motor load, and motor size and construction can all influence the efficiency of a DC motor. By considering and optimizing these factors, the overall efficiency of the motor can be improved.

dc motor

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using DC motors in automotive applications?

DC (Direct Current) motors have been used in automotive applications for many years, although they have been largely replaced by other motor types such as AC (Alternating Current) motors and brushless DC motors in modern vehicles. However, there are still some advantages and disadvantages associated with using DC motors in automotive applications. Here’s a detailed explanation of the advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Cost: DC motors tend to be less expensive compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. This cost advantage can make them an attractive option for certain automotive applications, especially in budget-conscious scenarios.

2. Simple Control: DC motors have a relatively simple control system. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed and torque can be easily controlled. This simplicity of control can be advantageous in automotive applications where basic speed control is sufficient.

3. High Torque at Low Speeds: DC motors can provide high torque even at low speeds, making them suitable for applications that require high starting torque or precise low-speed control. This characteristic can be beneficial for automotive applications such as power windows, windshield wipers, or seat adjustments.

4. Compact Size: DC motors can be designed in compact sizes, making them suitable for automotive applications where space is limited. Their small form factor allows for easier integration into tight spaces within the vehicle.

Disadvantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Limited Efficiency: DC motors are typically less efficient compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. They can experience energy losses due to brush friction and electrical resistance, resulting in lower overall efficiency. Lower efficiency can lead to increased power consumption and reduced fuel economy in automotive applications.

2. Maintenance Requirements: DC motors that utilize brushes for commutation require regular maintenance. The brushes can wear out over time and may need to be replaced periodically, adding to the maintenance and operating costs. In contrast, brushless DC motors or AC motors do not have this maintenance requirement.

3. Limited Speed Range: DC motors have a limited speed range compared to other motor types. They may not be suitable for applications that require high-speed operation or a broad range of speed control. In automotive applications where high-speed performance is crucial, other motor types may be preferred.

4. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI): DC motors can generate electromagnetic interference, which can interfere with the operation of other electronic components in the vehicle. This interference may require additional measures, such as shielding or filtering, to mitigate its effects and ensure proper functioning of other vehicle systems.

5. Brush Wear and Noise: DC motors that use brushes can produce noise during operation, and the brushes themselves can wear out over time. This brush wear can result in increased noise levels and potentially impact the overall lifespan and performance of the motor.

While DC motors offer certain advantages in terms of cost, simplicity of control, and high torque at low speeds, they also come with disadvantages such as limited efficiency, maintenance requirements, and electromagnetic interference. These factors have led to the adoption of other motor types, such as brushless DC motors and AC motors, in many modern automotive applications. However, DC motors may still find use in specific automotive systems where their characteristics align with the requirements of the application.

China Standard CHINAMFG Motor 3V 6V 12mm DC Micro Motor for Note Book PC Electric DC Motor   vacuum pump engine	China Standard CHINAMFG Motor 3V 6V 12mm DC Micro Motor for Note Book PC Electric DC Motor   vacuum pump engine
editor by CX 2024-03-29